An Introduction to the Human Biofield

Adapted from:

The Background

Conventional science says that although everything in the universe is built from quantum building blocks, we cannot see or detect the signature of the quantum realm in our macroscopic world. Here classical physics reigns supreme. This belief is especially true in biology, where the warm, wet matter of the body and the body’s intricate interactions with the environment drown out quantum signals. The body is classical, they proclaim, and is ruled by molecular biochemistry and nothing more. Not so, say frontier scientists across the board, from physics, biology, systems theory, medicine, mathematics, philosophy and other disciplines. We may indeed be quantum beings, and these scientists and independent researchers are discovering ways to detect and measure the quantum nature of the body.

Among the most important areas impacted by their findings will be medicine, as therapies move away from molecular and biochemical ones
(pharmaceuticals) and ‘wet’ matter options (such as surgery) to those based on the fields, forces and quantum nature of the body. These therapies will be ‘bio-energetic’ and ‘bio-informational’ in nature, meaning they will trace the root cause of the loss of health to distortions, blocks or other impairments to the human ‘biofield’—to the structured network of energies and information that underlie cellular function.

The return to health will be via correcting energy and information distortions through a host of possible mechanisms, from sound and light to vibration and hands-on healing, to encoding information into water or onto other kinds of carrier substances.

It’s not open to question that fields and forces—even those we currently cannot easily detect—are causative influences in nature and evolution. What is open to interpretation is what kinds of fields are influencing the human body and its biofield, and to what degree they impact our state of health.

So, just what is this Human Biofield?

Rupert Sheldrake believes the biofield is a morphogenetic field—an aspect of the larger morphic field that directs evolution and orders nature by imposing organisation on what are otherwise random and indeterminate activities. The morphic field is responsible for formative causation, not just at the level of the body, but at the species and even societal levels as well. The morphic field is not fixed, but evolves, driven by morphic resonance, which is a quantum ‘non-local field’ resonance, meaning it operates not at the classical level of cause-and-effect but at that of quantum entanglement and ‘action at a distance.’

The morphogenetic field is the organising field for most organisms, including human beings. It interpenetrates the human body and not only influences our physical and psychological selves, but may be at the foundation of so-called ‘paranormal’ abilities, such as telepathy and hands on healing.

Peter Marcer, along with Edgar Mitchell and Walter Schempp, the father of the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI and fMRI) machine, believe that we are essentially quantum beings sensitive to quantum fields. They propose that our world is awash in phase waves that encode the characteristics of each entity. So, for instance, an oak tree’s phase waves differ from a maple tree’s phase waves, even though they are alike in class (both part of the class of ‘tree’ phase waves).

We, too, have both a species-level phase signature—a body-field—and a personal one, with our personal phase waves encoding our unique characteristics and making us recognisable as individuals. We are bombarded with millions of phase waves every second, and we extract information from them both consciously and unconsciously, via sensory and non-sensory channels. Marcer’s theory arises from the standard model of quantum mechanics, and he applies it mostly to explain the mechanisms of consciousness rather than those of health.

Spirit-Mind-Body Influences

Deepak Chopra, Amit Goswami, Larry Dossey and others are less rigorous in exploring the specifics of the human biofield and take its reality as a given. They are more interested in exploring the therapeutic consequences of healing via quantum fields and forces, of taking healthcare outside the box of biochemistry and into the realm of the spirit-mind-body influences. While they delve into the quantum ‘non-local’ aspects of healing, they are— with the possible exception of Goswami—more interested in being physicians than physicists.

Many traditional and non-traditional healers and complementary healthcare practitioners claim to work with the human energy field, either as a series of chakra-like fields or as a pervasive whole-body biofield.
Most, however, have not conducted research into the biofield.

The Human Body-Field

Among the most notable exceptions is former acupuncture professor and practitioner Peter H. Fraser. For more than 25 years, Fraser has explored the human biofield, what he calls the human body-field, and he has formulated a comprehensive theory that reveals the biofield as a complex, structured network of fields that interpenetrates the physical body and underlies all physiology.

Fraser’s theory stands alone in both its broadness and its level of detail, integrating as it does physics and biology and updating traditional Chinese medicine by correlating it to modern biology with astonishing levels of detail.

Fraser and his collaborator, Harry Massey, explain their theory in their recent book, Decoding the Human Body-Field: The New Science of Information as Medicine (Healing Arts Press/Inner Traditions, 2008).

The noted systems theorist, Ervin Lazlo, who himself has proposed a theory of a human biofield, says of Fraser and Massey’s body-field model: ‘Information is as important as energy in the universe, and Fraser and Massey show that it is as important in the human body as well… The authors have succeeded in translating this basic insight into effective
health-preserving and conserving tools: information-based diagnosis and information-coded remedies that will be the basis of medical science in the future.” Information is the key to the coming revolution in medicine.’

Information is Key

Eminent physicists such as Jacob D. Bekenstein claim that information is more fundamental than energy in nature and that information may, in fact, be the most fundamental aspect of the universe.

As science reporter Mark Buchanan writes in New Scientist, an increasing number of scientists ‘believe that information is a kind of subtle substance that lies behind and beneath physical stuff.’ (See ‘Beyond Reality: Watching Information at Play in the Quantum World Is Throwing Physicists into a Flat Spin,’ New Scientist, March 14, 1998, p 26.)

Although energy is necessary as a moving force in nature—for the universe to be in an evolving, dynamic state—information is the key to its organisation, patterns, forms and functions.

In the human body, energy ensures physiological action, but information underlies what the body does, why it does it and how. The body at the cellular level must work with astonishing precision and exquisite timing, efficiently managing millions of chemical reactions and molecular activities every second. It can do so because of the information fields that direct it at the sub-cellular level—most likely at the quantum level.

Key Researchers

Specific mechanisms and processes of the human biofield have been explored by a number of medical researchers, biologists and physicists.
As examples, Germany’s Fritz-Albert Popp is considered the father of biophoton research. His work reveals that cells produce and use ultraweak coherent light and that this light has important influences on cell function and on a person’s overall state of health.

W. R. Adey, Robert Becker, and other medical scientists have shown that external fields and forces, such as electromagnetic fields, impact health and well-being.

Biologist and biophysicist James Oschman reviews the long history of research into the perineural system and connective tissue matrix, which as a crystalline lattice network displays quantum-like characteristics.

Others are exploring cavity physics as it applies to large scale structures, such as the brain, heart and lungs, and to micro structures, such as microtubules and nanotubes in the body.

This research is heavily influenced by quantum phenomena such as electron tunneling, entanglement and non-local fields.

Even engineers and systems theorists, such as the late Herbert Fröhlich and the esteemed Ervin Laszlo, have proposed that the body displays evidence of being influenced by or actually creating coherent quantum fields, which they believe are crucial to explaining biological information processing.

The ‘science of the biofield’ may be largely unknown in conventional academic circles and to the general public; however, to those with an eye to what’s coming next in biology and medicine, biofield theory is the most exciting and promising path to a complete revamping of medicine, making it more noninvasive, effective, and humane.

Every year millions more people make the shift, as patients move toward increasing reliance on alternative and complementary medicine and as allopathic physicians admit to the limitations of the purely biochemical model of the body.

The pioneering research into the human biofield is moving us more swiftly every year from seeing ourselves as only physical beings to seeing ourselves as bio-energetic and bio-informational beings.

The paradigm shift we are now experiencing is bound to be every bit as shattering to the scientific status quo and our overall worldview as was the shift in medicine from medieval humours and phlegm theory to modern germ theory, and in physics as was the shift from classical Newtonian physics to the weird world of quantum physics.

In this ‘Century of Biology,’ the coming decades will likely be ones in which biofield theory finally gets the attention and funding that it deserves.

What are Biofield Therapies?

Adapted from:

The goal of biofield therapies is to create improved coherence within the biofield so that the corresponding physical, mental, and emotional aspects of the body also become more coherent and healthy.

There are currently many different types of biofield therapies. Some examples include Healing Touch (HT), Pranic healing, Reiki, Qigong, Therapeutic touch (TT), Bio!eld Tuning, and the Regenetics Method. Therapeutic touch is recognized in the Nursing Intervention Classification Code and in some state licensure boards as within the scope of nursing practice.

Biofield therapies are generally classified as either direct or indirect. In the direct method, the practitioner utilizes physical contact with the recipient over the targeted treatment area. Whereas in the indirect method the practitioner delivers the therapy without direct contact with the recipient. This is possible because biofield therapies work within the biofield where direct contact is not required.

There is a substantial body of evidence supporting the effectiveness of biofield therapies. In the publication ‘Clinical Studies of Bio!eld Therapies: Summary, Methodological Challenges, and Recommendations’ by Jain et al (2015) over 30 published clinical trials were identified demonstrating positive effects of bio!field therapies for pain in ambulatory and hospitalized patient populations with chronic pain, arthritis, and movement restriction.

Jain and Mills (2010) performed a systematic review of 66 clinical studies utilizing a variety of biofield therapies in different patient populations. The results showed that biofield therapies had strong evidence for decreasing pain intensity in pain populations and moderate evidence for improving pain intensity in hospitalized and cancer populations, decreasing negative behavioral symptoms in dementia, and reducing anxiety for hospitalized populations.

Additional studies have demonstrated positive results on improving heart rate variability (HRV) and anxiety; decreasing depression, persistent fatigue, and positive effects on diurnal cortisol variability in fatigued breast cancer patients compared to mock treatments or standard care.

A group of physiotherapists conducted a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind study on the effects of Oscillatory Biofield Therapy (OBFT) on individuals with carpal tunnel syndrome.

It is reasonable to consider the potential limitations and misinterpretation of placebo-controlled randomized trials in bio!eld therapies.

While biofield therapies may serve to increase the placebo effect, it does appear that biofield therapies enhance outcomes over and above sham-controlled groups, particularly for pain. Current data suggests it is unlikely that biofield therapies are reducible to placebo responses alone, but like other forms of mind-body interventions, biofield therapies may intentionally facilitate the patient’s conscious and unconscious expectations and desires in synergy with the treatment being delivered to enhance outcomes.

The physical, mental, and emotional aspects of the human body are ultimately interconnected with one another and represented within the matrix of the biofield. Therefore, creating improved biofield coherence can in turn facilitate improved physical, mental, and emotional function. Likewise, facilitating better physical, mental, and emotional function can result in improved biofield coherence. There is a bidirectional relationship between these domains of bio-matter and bio-energy.

Biofield Science and Healing

History, Terminology and Concepts
Adapted by Peter Fritz Walter from:


Biofield science is an emerging field of study that aims to provide a scientific foundation for understanding the complex homeodynamic regulation of living systems. By furthering our scientific knowledge of the biofield, we arrive at a better understanding of the foundations of biology as well as the phenomena that have been described as ‘energy medicine.’ 

Energy medicine, the application of extremely low-level signals to the body, including energy healer interventions and bio-electromagnetic device-based therapies, is incomprehensible from the dominant biomedical paradigm of ‘life as chemistry.’ 

The biofield or biological field, a complex organizing energy field engaged in the generation, maintenance, and regulation of biological homeodynamics, is a useful concept that provides the rudiments of a scientific foundation for energy medicine and thereby advances the research and practice of it. 


Medicine is in transition. Conventional biomedicine is giving way to an expanded, integrative medical model that emphasizes healthcare as well as illness care, treats people, not just diseases, and incorporates multiple therapeutic approaches, old and new, to offer patients greater choice. 

This emerging model questions the dominant biomedical paradigm of molecular reductionism that focuses on genes, proteins encoded by genes, and molecules synthesized by proteins and that is based on an inherent belief that complex systems can be understood by identifying their components. By contrast, an integrative model of health and medicine appreciates the complexity of our biology, which can give rise to emergent phenomena that are not, in general, predictive from isolated parts. 

Such a model also views healthcare from several perspectives beyond the molecular approach, including what has been called energy medicine.

Advances in biophysics, biology, psychology, and the developing fields of mind-body research such as psychoneuroimmunology and psychosocial genomics have helped substantially to form a foundation for this expanded integrative medical model. 

In addition to biochemical signals, the idea that living systems generate and respond to energy fields as integral aspects of physiological regulation reflects a convergence of several disparate paths. 

Numerous spiritual traditions describe modes and pathways of energy within and surrounding the physical body. Many complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapies utilize variants of ‘laying-on-of-hands’ and other minimally invasive procedures to improve endogenous energy flows. Moreover, Western biomedicine routinely examines electrical fields from the heart (via electrocardiogram [ECG]) and brain (via electroencephalogram [EEG]) as indices of clinical pathology. 

Furthermore, contemporary cell biology and biophysics provide evidence that endogenous electromagnetic and other types of fields play active roles in development, tissue repair, and an array of homeodynamic processes.

The term biofield fills the need for a unifying concept to bridge traditional and contemporary explanatory models of energy medicine and provides a common language for aspects of both clinical practice and scientific research that focus on energy fields of the body.

A Brief History of the Term Biofield

The term biofield was proposed in 1992 by an ad-hoc committee of CAM practitioners and researchers convened by the newly established Office of Alternative Medicine (OAM) at the US National Institutes of Health (NIH). 

Such a term was also needed to describe a central organizing biological field that healers were detecting and interacting with in their practice. 

The term biofield was coined for these purposes with the hope that it would be generic and malleable enough to fit differing explan-atory models of therapy.

The committee defined biofield as ‘a massless field, not necessarily electromagnetic, that surrounds and permeates living bodies and affects the body.’ 

Subsequently, one committee member succeeded in getting the term biofield accepted as a Medical Subject Heading (MeSH term) at the National Library of Medicine so that it became an official search term for scholars to locate peer-reviewed literature. Further, the committee sought to consolidate the diverse modes of energetic healing under the single term biofield therapies, which was also accepted by the NIH. 

History of Early Biological Field Concepts

Since antiquity, there have been two opposing views on the nature of life. 

Democritus, who coined the word atom, maintained that everything, including organisms, is reducible to its constituents, while Aristotle held that life processes are autonomous and organisms are integral wholes. 

These two viewpoints remain today, with the biochemical view of life represented by molecular reductionism and a holistic view that embraces a field concept of life. 

In science, the notion of a vital force or élan vital dates back to the 1600s. In vitalism, living matter was believed to involve a life force: a metaphysical entity intrinsic to life that renders it alive. This force was ini-tially considered immeasurable and outside the scope of science. Yet discoveries of bioelectricity challenged the notion that this force was immeasurable. 

By 1850, experimental electrophysiology had replaced the notion of vital force with electricity, effectively banishing vitalism from biological science.

Nevertheless, many contemporary CAM practitioners continue to use terms from non-Western explanatory models and medical systems to evoke a vital force or vital energy. 

For example, there is qi (chi) in Chinese medicine, ki in Japanese medicine, prana in Ayurveda, and similar terms in other traditions of indigenous medicine. 

These descriptions of life energy originated from metaphysical considerations of the nature of consciousness and its interaction with men-tal, emotional, and physical systems and were based on first-person observations by adept spiritual practitioners. 

In the modern age, the notion of a universal life energy is nearly ubiquitously employed by energy healing practitioners, who often describe energy coming from their hands and other parts of the body. 

These same practitioners report utilizing energy awareness not only to sense imbalances in patients’ energy fields but to regulate energy flow and release energy blockages perceived to be impeding the healing process. 

Most traditional healing practices maintain that disease starts with an energetic imbalance such as a blockage or other irregularity in the energy flow through the body. 

Modern CAM systems such as chiropractic, homeopathy, and classical osteopathy are also founded on principles of a vital force. Therapeutics in these practices involves restoring or rebalancing the vital force to promote healing.  

The scientific concept of force, however, is very much in the physical realm, whereas the vital force at the basis of many CAM therapies is considered by mainstream science to be a metaphysical concept. 

Force, as well as field and energy, are fundamentals of physical theory. Force refers to any interaction that tends to change the motion of an object. 

The concept of a field from physics refers to a spatially distributed nonmaterial element that is able to impart a force upon an object within it. Therefore, a field cannot be detected directly but only through its action upon a suitable probe—for example, a charge in an electric field. 

Contemporary physics holds that there are only four types of force operating throughout nature: gravity, electro-magnetism, and the strong and weak nuclear forces, the latter two having a range limited to the atomic nucleus. 

The concept of a biological field first arose in embryology as an underlying informational template to explain the developmental process. 

The Ukranian histologist Alexander Gurwitsch, PhD, coined the term morphogenetic field to describe the highly coherent and dynamic process that appeared to be guiding development of the unfolding embryo as well as biological regeneration. Gurwitsch also discovered mitogenetic radiation, ultraviolet light emission during cell division in onion roots. 

From 1900 to 1950, other prominent developmental biologists including Hans Driesch, Paul Weiss, and others worked from this same perspective.

Weiss, who discovered that the morphogenetic field was unchanged if he removed portions of embryonic tissue, proposed that the biological field was a holistic property of the entire organism.

These early embryologists formed the concept of a morphogenetic field guiding development but did not determine its physical basis. 

Scalability of the Biofield Concept

The biofield concept soon gained traction and was extended from an entity ‘that surrounds and permeates living bodies’ to include a more extensive variety of endogenous phenomena generated by living bodies. It has also been ‘scaled-up’ to test its fit to macrolevel concepts including Gaia, a model of our planet as a complex, self-regulatory system. 

Thus, at this point in time, the concept of ‘biofield’ may be better considered in its plural form of ‘biofields.’ 

These findings, as well as results of research correlating biophoton emission with human physiology, suggest the existence of coherent biophoton fields that play fundamental roles in intercellular signaling and human health.

The biofield, or information associated with it stemming from multicellular electrical activity, is also the basis of a decades-old clinical tool most commonly in the form of the ECG (the detector of electrical wave forms generated by synchronous activity of heart muscle cells) and EEG (the detector of wave forms reflecting summative spontaneous or evoked electrical activity of neuronal arrays). While the ECG and EEG are readily detected from the body surface, the heart’s magnetic field, generated by moving electric charges associated with electrical activity, can be recorded up to several feet from the body surface via a magnetocardiogram.

Magnetic fields produced by the heart appear to carry information that may be detectable by other persons or animals.

An example of the informational potential (bioeffectiveness) of these heart fields is cardiac-induced entrainment (or frequency locking) detected when the R-waves of one subject’s ECG become precisely synchronized with the onset of EEG alpha waves of another subject at a dis-tance up to 5 feet.

At the interpersonal level, the biofield concept encompasses a large body of research on the effects of biofield therapies, as practiced both locally with the practitioner in the same room as the patient, animals, or cell cultures , and nonlocally, which includes distant mental interaction with living systems, as well as intercessory prayer and distant healing.

Studies with biofield therapies in clinical settings reflect the propensity of certain practitioners and schools of healing to perform therapy with hands on and/or hands off the body, therapeutic touch, and healing touch which raise questions about the physical effects of touch itself on biofield interac-tions and outcomes. However, recent reviews examining nontouch biofield therapies also report significant changes in outcome measures, suggesting that effects of biofield therapies on outcomes may not be ascribed only to effects of physical touch, and an explanation in terms of quantum entanglement or other nonlocal causes may be needed.

History of Biofield  Scientific Studies

Early biofield studies were motivated in part by the many CAM modalities that appear to involve energy and/or informational fields and are broadly known as ‘energy medicine.’ These include energy healing, homeopathy, acupuncture, magnet therapy, bioelectromagnetic therapies, electrodermal therapy, and applied kinesiology, among others. Some of these modalities involve novel ways of obtaining useful information from the body’s energy field as well as applying energy fields therapeutically. 

‘Laying on of hands’ is one of the oldest, most ubiquitous forms of healing known to humankind, apparently having emerged independently among ancient cultures worldwide. 

The father of modern Western medicine, Hippocrates, referred to it as ‘the force which flows from many people’s hands.’ 

There are a growing number of studies on this and other related biofield healing modalities demonstrating a spectrum of beneficial results from the psychological and behavioral levels down to clinically relevant bio-markers.

Concepts of sentience, mind, and consciousness have also evolved from the mechanistic approach of biochemical neuroscience to a field-oriented approach. 

The application of quantum theory to these concepts has led to several proposals of the body-mind as a macroscopic quantum system.

While the predictive power of these models is as yet unclear, there is increasing experimental evidence showing quantum signaling, communication, and conductivity in the cytoskeletal network of microtubules, and the electric fields generated by synchronized oscillations of microtubules have been demonstrated to play key roles in the regulation of cell division and chromosome folding and transcription.

Similarly, it has been proposed that the acupuncture system and the patterning of cell resting potentials act through the continuum of liquid crystal-line collagen fibers that make up the bulk of the connective tissues.

In this model, supported by evidence from biochemistry, cell biology, biophysics, and neurophysiology, the collagen matrix provides pathways for rapid intercommunication throughout the body, enabling the organism’s mind-body to function as a coherent whole.

Together, these results describe the mind-body as an interconnected system in which electromagnetic and quantum interactions act through field-coherent oscillatory activity to regulate biological processes and mediate interactions corre-lated with sentience and mental activity.

The Biofield as a Conveyor of Information

As a regulator and mediator of biological interactions, the biofield appears intimately connected with information delivery within the organism. The biofield thus holds and conveys information that is vital for biocommunication and bioregulation. Here it must be said that the concept of information in biology is nothing new; it is already used successfully to explain numerous molecular mechanisms in molecular biology, such as information encoded in DNA, hormone-receptor interactions, enzyme-substrate interactions, and many other forms of molecular recognition, as well as in ECG and EEG data. Further, many of these well-understood mechanisms may also be thought of as biofield interactions because information itself is often an emergent property of dynamical interactions that cannot be meaningfully understood from a reductionist viewpoint. 

At the cellular and subcellular levels, oscillatory behaviors emerge from negative feedback loops and coupled positive and negative feedback loops and result from stochastic, nonlinear biological mechanisms interacting with the fluctuating environ-ment.

For example, the emergence of phase-synchrony across large numbers of cells in circadian coopera-tive systems is the result of nonlinear coupling of oscillators across the cellular and multicellular levels. 

Similarly, electrically phase-coupled systems in neuronal networks give rise to cooperative behaviors across large numbers of neurons.

The concept of biofield regulation offers a shift from a mechanical, chemistry-based view of biology to an information-based view. Unlike machines, living organisms have an immense network of internal and external interconnections across which information flows to modulate life functions. 

The continuous exchange of information in living systems to maintain their integrity is astounding. Furthermore, new relationships along with new information exchanges emerge at higher levels of organization in life, forming new wholes. 

The biofield may be considered one such multilevel organizational concept in which information flows within and between the various levels of the organism. 

A wealth of information exchange, much like a ‘conversation’ between the elements of these various levels of order—the ‘whispering between cells and other units of life—is critical to sustaining life and promoting healing. 

The biofield may be considered to be the language of life. 

Furthermore, other elements of the biofield may carry information important for medical diagnostics, beyond the EEG and ECG, that provide useful medical informa-tion and suggest new modes of treatment via informational medicine. Indeed, information offers a unifying concept in the modus operandi of CAM and integrative medical modalities.

While information is exchanged across multiple levels of order in living systems, perhaps the most definitive information flow in humans is from the ‘top down,’ from intention to the material body, to affect health and promote healing with conscious intention, purpose, context, and meaning. 

Information may thus be seen to mediate or serve as a bridge between mind and body: for example, in mind-body modalities, intent to heal, etc. 

Typically, information is thought to be carried by either energy or matter. However, Bell’s Theorem (quantum nonlocality) supports observations of instantaneous interaction between entangled states.

The quantum potential function conveys active information everywhere, as does the morphogenetic field, with no diminution over distance. Information may thus be everywhere instantaneously, but it is active only where it is specifically directed—for example, by conscious intent—and may be considered intelligent information, producing a very specific response only where it is intended. 

Thus, information itself may be considered causal even though it does not always have a physical carrier.

Toward an Evolving Definition of Biofield

As described above, the biofield has evolved into a multiscale concept that offers a broader context for understanding biological regulation and information flow than does the currently dominant molecular paradigm of biological systems. 

As such, a biofield, whether at the level of biophotons, patterns of cell membrane resting potentials, EEG of brain, ECG of heart, or the synchronous movements of birds in flight, can succinctly be described as an organizing influence distributed over space and time. While biofields have most often been described as electromagnetic in nature, there have been several proposals of biofields involving quantum information flow.

In their organizing capacity, it seems more useful to speak of biofields in terms of their homeodynamic activities than as individual entities: ie, to describe what they do rather than what they are. 

As presented earlier, the concept of a field from physics refers to a nonmaterial element that interacts with an object and a field cannot be detected directly but only through its action upon a probe. 

Thus, biofield interactions can influence and be influenced by a variety of biological pathways including biochemical, cellular, and neurological processes as they modulate activity and information flow across multiple levels of living systems. 

At this stage, the biofield may be considered as a ‘massless’ or information-based organizing principle in accordance with the original definition proposed by the 1992 NIH advisory committee.      

Finally, it is of interest to reflect again on the relation of the biofield concept to energy medicine, a term especially in vogue in the latter part of the 20th century. 

While biofields play a substantive role in guiding health processes, here they are conceived as playing a broader regulatory and informational role in biology than solely as a form of medical intervention as implied by energy medicine. 

The term biofield therapy, which involves healer-based interactions with biofields both within and around living systems, best captures this aspect of healing beyond limited implication of medicine as a treatment for illness. 

Conclusions and Further Prospects

The biofield concept, emerging initially from vitalist perspectives, offers an increasingly useful approach to explain a variety of physiological phenomena. Its applicability continues to evolve in terms of empirical inquiry. 

Endogenous biofield interactions with environmental, geocosmic, and other exogenous fields provide the rudiments of a scientific foundation for a holistic view of life and a modus operandi for numerous CAM modalities. 

The family of energy healing practices that have been widely practiced since antiquity, now called biofield therapies, may involve biocommunication and/or energy transfer through the biofield. 

While the biofield concept is a useful construct to guide new research on energy healing and other CAM modalities, it is also a requisite for a better understanding of contemporary developments in biophysics and biology. 

Moreover, information connected with the biofield may serve as a bridge between mind and body, which is fundamental to understanding mind-body interactions.

The biofield is also an important metaphor to guide further research. There are numerous examples from the history of science where metaphor and analogy have been key elements in the construction of suc-cessful theories. 

The use of metaphor in science is especially appropriate and critical for success in the exploratory phase of investigation when detailed descriptions and theories are unavailable. 

Metaphors provide foundational material for forming hypotheses, conducting studies, and eventually elucidating testable theories. Scientific metaphors can be key elements for posing truly novel questions, which upon experimental testing, advance our knowledge and understanding. 

The concept of the biofield, while still in its nascent stages, may well serve this purpose as biology moves from a local, chemistry-based model to an interconnected, information-based viewpoint. 

Further investigations in biofield science and healing, especially those involving multidisciplinary collaborations—including clinical and preclinical trials, physiology, biophysics, device technology, and theoretical and philosophical models—will guide the way to a new paradigm in biology and medicine. 

Research Motivation

The adherents of our presently still operating mechanistic science say it is all humbug and the effects, if they recognize any at all, are purely suggestive. For example, when I wear a turmaline necklace, any healing or protective effect (immune response improved) is the result of my expectation, not the result of any real energies contained in gemstones.

I have for many years not been critical enough as to the controversy hypnosis as transmission of vital energy or as a result of suggestion. The initial view was that the subtle energy exists and that it is used by the hypnotizer for bringing about the hypnotic trance in the patient. This discussion is historical and you can look this up by making a Google search on ‘hypnosis’ or ‘history of hypnosis.’ The prevailing view was initiated by Dr. James Braid and can be summarized as follows:
—Any and all effects of hypnosis are purely suggestive in the sense that there is no transmission of subtle energy but the effects are the result of the patient’s suggestive state, the fact that the hypnotizer has been ’suggestive’ in one or the other way.

I am now radically getting away from this truly reductionist paradigm that has overthrown the truth that existed since millennia, that is, all in life is governed by a subtle bioplasmatic energy field and all healing is the manifestation of energy fields also called quantum fields being activated that correct the energy misbalance and restore order (the original structure of the biofield being restored). Worse, for Wikipedia, energy medicine as a whole is (still) pseudo-science.

This controversy has led to the deplorable situation that many intelligent authors such as Dr. Joseph Murphy have taken sides with mechanistic science, as they thought that recognizing the subtle energy would expose them to criticism of being ‘vitalistic’ and ‘pseudo-scientific.’ Murphy explains prayer as the congruence between conscious and subconscious minds … and where is the subtle energy in his construct of a so-called ’subconscious mind?’

The Bible talks about the Holy Spirit. This is another term for what all tribal cultures have recognized, the subtle energy that has been termed chi in China, ki in Japan, prana in India, mana or wakonda with most tribal cultures, and spirit energy by Emanuel Swedenborg, and finally orgone by Wilhelm Reich.

Thus, hypnosis is by no means the result of mere suggestion, but the effect of the hypnotizer’s high levels of subtle energy. Likewise, to explain the placebo effect meets the same bias when it is reduced to mere suggestion.

The placebo effect is not just the result of a positive expectation or suggestion. It is the result of set and setting, the context, the energies exchanged between doctors and patients, and—newest research—the fact that the brain provides the medication that the placebo pill is lacking. The brain really can produce medications by fabricating them though a complex process involving opiate receptors and various hormones such as dopamine and oxytocin.

Thus, to summarize, it is just another vintage of colonial arrogance to deny the age-old native healing traditions their foundation in the real existence of a subtle bioplasmatic energy, also called cosmic energy, and to reduce shamanic healing to mere positive expectation or suggestion on the side of the patient, which is the mainstream view among mechanistic scientists. Of course, those scientists and else skeptics have an easy game if they do not need to investigate the true reasons of positive change and healing, reducing all and everything to ‘mere suggestion’ which is a typical case of applying a reductionist subterfuge when the effort is avoided to find out about the real healing agents.

The body was considered under mechanistic science a clockwork, then since about the 1960s a biochemistry machine. In truth, these are only manifestations but not the original nature of the organism which only systems theory has revealed, thus the network-structure of a living organism that is autopoietic (autonomous or ’self-making’) and self-organizing, and the existence of a quantum field, super-string field, unified field, grand unified field or zero-point field (new expressions that replaces the former terminology of ’subtle energy’ or ‘cosmic energy’). It is the field that heals, for the field contains the original order that is restored when healing takes place on all levels of the organism, also called quantum healing.

It is in my view the most important research topic now, and will be so even more in the near future. All converges toward a transformation of physiological healing toward quantum healing which is based on the recognition of the quantum field—an expression of quantum physics that has by and large replaced the older notions of the ether or the cosmic energy.

Now it is important to see it as a field, for fields to not need the ether as a means of locomotion, which is what Einstein declared later in life while in his younger years he was a fervent proponent of the concept of the ether. But in fact, yes, fields have their own means of locomotion—in that they do not need them because fields use quantum nonlocality instead of locomotion.

The contributions of Osho are most interesting and important. He always was at the cutting-edge of the Vedanta tradition, a knowledge tradition that we in the West are really lacking to on.

What I don’t understand is that from about the 19th century, this incredible vast knowledge has not been taken over and adapted by Western science, not even by Theosophy, while theosophy made attempts in that direction. But what remains of that, after all, or what remains about it in the minds of most people? I think most people in the West do not even know what the word ‘Vedanta’ means, and that it is a knowledge tradition from India that is perhaps the vastest in the world regarding the invisible realms of existence and the embeddedness of man in the cosmic scheme of things.

What do we have to offer in the West other than the New Thought Movement which is based on a rather fundamentalist Christian conditioning. Even if you take an enlightened spirit such as Ralph Waldo Emerson, the language all these authors are using is hermetic in the sense that only people who have really studied New Thought can know.

For this and other reasons, I have totally changed my strategy now, having deleted my main New Thought site which was based on a legacy of the writer Dr. Joseph Murphy alone. When I became critical as to the limitations of this teaching I got comments of fanatical Murphy readers calling me ‘a charlatan.’ Can you imagine? But it’s all-too-typical for the dogmatic and sectarian ways spirituality is promoted in the West, and especially the New Thought movement with all their fundamentalist opinions about the Jesus myth and the like.

Then I had the idea to put up again my old New Thought site where I provide biographies of the most important New Thought authors and some of the free books and audio content to be found on the Internet. Now I have again changed ideas and will provide only the essence of this teaching on my new site.

What do I mean with essence? With essence I mean that at the basis of this teaching is the insight that we create our lives from inside out, through our recurring thoughts and accompanying emotions, and that outward circumstances do not condition this process, except we allow them to.

Quantum physics has confirmed this as it found that we create our own reality from inside out, thereby becoming co-creators, but also negatively seen that we do not ‘objectively’ partake in creation but only subjectively, in that our brain by design distorts what it perceives, our perception being conditioned, because the brain seeks self-consistency before it seeks understanding.

Gemstone Energy Medicine

Gemstone Energy Medicine: Healing Mind, Body and Spirit
by Michael Katz (Adapted by Peter Fritz Walter)

Gemstones and the Life Force

As matter is a form of energy, human beings are unique systems of interconnected fields of energy and information. 

Pioneering information and effective new practices are allowing gem therapy to take its rightful place as a cornerstone of energy medicine.

Physicists tell us that all matter is energy in physical form. Gemstones are certainly no exception. Formed over eons, often at high pressure, the Earth’s gemstones embody intense concentration of energy. The energies and physical properties of gemstones are already employed in many aspects of technology. The ability of crystals to conduct and transform energy is no longer a new idea to us. For example, every television, quartz clock, portable phone, and personal computer runs smoothly thanks to Quartz crystals. Today the energetic properties of gems are also being used to improve people’s health at a fundamental level.

The human form is a multidimensional system of subtle energies that create and sustain the physical body. In many alternative medical fields, these systems continue to be mapped, studied, and utlized for healing. Oriental medicine, for instance, has been studying the relationship of physical matter and subtle energies for thousands of years. Every application of an acupuncture needle attempts to access these energies to affect the body and mind.

In one sense, it may seem paradoxical to use a stone—the embodiment of earthly material—to affect subtle, nonphysical energies. Yet a closer look reveals what may not be immediately apparent—that the crystalline nature of certain gemstones and their ability to process energy have much in common with the liquid cristalline forms in our own cells. Once the mechanisms of human energy systems are more thoroughly understood and compared with those of genstone energy medicine, the elegance and power of gems as therapeutic tools can be more readily understood.

In an optimally  healthy person, the physical and subtle bodies are well aligned with each other, and the channels through which energy flows are connected and clear. The life force can flow freely from the innermost core of our being, through our subtle bodies, to the physical body. Nothing impedes this vital flow, and all the bodies receive the energy they need to perform at a peak level. This free flow of life force blesses the individual with radiant vitality, mental acuity, and a joyful inner peace.

When blockages arise in any of the subtle bodies or their connections, these blockages reduce the amount of life force flowing to the physical body. Thus, illness can originate in one subtle body, or dimension of being, and also manifest in another. We experience this, for example, when emotional strain or mental stress triggers exhaustion, the onset of a cold, or perhaps another more serious physical ailment.

As energy marks and deposits accumulate within us, they act as blockages and disruptions in the flow of life force through our subtle bodies to the physical body. Energetic deposits in one subtle body not only disrupt the flow of energy within that body; they can also block the flow in other bodies.

Gemstones for Therapy

History recounts attempts to use gems in hopes of curing ailments, attracting wealth, ensuring protection, and even experiencing higher states of consciousness. For example, the ancient Egyptians prized teh powers of Lapis Lazuli; the Minoans honored Carnelian and used it widely; in China, the near-ubiquitous use of Jade continues today in a tradion thousands of years old; and in India, the time-honored system of Ayurvedic medicine employs a variety of gems in its practices.

Introducing the Gemstone Sphere

When harnessing the healing energies of gemstones, shape matters. A gemstone’s shape profoundly affects the way a gem receives and expresses its energy—and thus our ability to benefit from its healing properties. Cutting a gemstone crystal into a sphere fundamentally changes the way that energy flows through the gemstone. 

A sphere both draws in and radiates out energy from its entire surface. Among many other benefits, this eliminates the drawbacks that arise from having a pointed and non-pointed end.

Most important, cutting a gemstone into a sphere fulfills its potential to work with all of our dimensions, physical and subtle—and thus to heal and transform our entire being. A sphere represents wholeness and infinite potential. The spherical shape unleashes a gemstone’s full healing capacity.

How Energy Flows Through Spheres

Like an electronic bucket brigade, molecule by molecule, the gem’s electrones continually transfer energy toward the sphere’s center There, the energy becomes more and more compressed and concentrated. The resulting explosion of energy charges the electrons around the sphere’s center and sparks a unique reaction: ambient energy is transformed into the type of energy characteristic for that particular gemstone.

At the same time, some of the gem’s energy takes a leap into other, more subtle, nonpysical dimensions. This leap of some of the gemstone energy into more subtle dimensions is crucial. It allows the energy emanated by gemstone spheres to resonate with and penetrate all the subtle dimensions of our own being. Herein lies one of the essential reasons for the extraordinary therapeutic potency of gemstone spheres.

The Achievement of Therapeutic Quality

Cutting gems into the proper shape is the first key to unleashing their potential as healing tools. 

To be therapeutic, a gemstone’s physical matrix must be virtually free of foreign matter. It must also exhibit all its own unique parameters for therapeutic quality, and these parameters must be present in proper proportion. 

The Seven C’s of Therapeutic Quality


Unique to each gem, character describes the nature of the gemstone itself and is determined by its unique ratio of mineral components.


Clarity requirements are unique to each gemstone type and can vary widely. For example, some gems are adversely affected by some internal flaws or cloudiness, while others are not.


Consistency is a quality that is desirable both within a sphere and within a therapeutic necklace as a whole. In general, the quality of all spheres in a necklace should be similar to each other, without a high degree of variability.


Because of the central role of shape in a gem’s therapeutic effectiveness, precision in cutting and drilling therapeutic gems is essential.


To be therapeutic, most gems must be free of adulteration, such as dye, irradiation, or kerosene. These treatments can seriously disrupt a gem’s therapeutic energies and even render them harmful to the user.


Gem condescence is an optical quality that makes a gem look like a brilliant drop of liquid color. This liquid appearance reflects an energetic quality that, when present in certain gems, indicates exceptional therapeutic potency. It is an extremely rare quality that is most often seen in colored crystalline gems, such as Sapphire, Emerald Amethyist, Citrine, and others.